Non-Attended Events - Category Information

Non-Attended Events are events with a start and end date, but are more fluid and distributed in impact, such as observances or school holidays.

The following categories are included:

  • Public Holidays: Public holidays differ by country and region. Staying on top of all of them is essential.

  • School Holidays: Dates differ slightly per state and city, as well as globally. All are ranked as major impact.

  • Observances: We cover religious, national and regional observances, and there are thousands every month worldwide.

  • Politics: Elections, rallies and key events such as inaugurations, need to be factored into plans.

  • Daylight Savings: Simple but important as it varies by country and even state by state. We track daylight savings globally.

See also our Non-Attended Events Data Science Notebooks for a more detailed data-science-based example of using these events.


Public Holidays


A holiday generally established and recognized by law when most businesses and schools are closed. E.g. most countries celebrate New Year’s Day on January 1st.

Labels

Labels for a public holiday event provide more information about the holiday. The most common 5 labels are:

  1. holiday-national: When the day is celebrated on a country level, e.g. the entire country was celebrating Martin Luther King Jr. Day on Jan 18, 2021

  2. holiday-local-common: When the holiday is celebrated in only some regions of the country. E.g. only 5 out of 13 provinces and territories of Canada (British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, New Brunswick, and Saskatchewan) celebrate Family Day on the first Monday in February.

  3. holiday-local: When the holiday is region-specific, e.g. only Texas state celebrates Texas Independence Day on Mar 2, 2021

  4. holiday-religious: When the holiday is celebrated for a religious reason, e.g. there are about 44 countries that celebrate Eid al-Adha Day

  5. holiday-christian: When the holiday is Christian related, e.g. Corpus Christi.

Date & Time

Date & Time Value Availability Notes
Start date Yes
End date No Same as the start date. A public holiday event is a single-day event. There are no multi-day events under the public-holidays category. The holiday will break into individual days if it’s celebrated over multiple days, e.g. there are 4 days off in Japan during the New Year period, the four corresponded records are: December 31 Bank Holiday, New Year's Day, January 2 Bank Holiday, January 3 Bank Holiday
Start time No
End time No
Timezone No

Note: datetime is used with the local timezone. E.g. New York is celebrating New Year’s Day on January 1st EST, while San Francisco is also celebrating New Year’s Day on January 1st but in PST.

Location

Public holidays have a scope that is at the area level. The scope is either at the region or country level. The latitude and longitude is pointing to the center of the region or country.

Entities

Public holidays have event group entities available.

Ranking

PHQ Rank

  • National holidays or common local holidays have a PHQ Rank of 90 to indicate the popularity/impact on the country
  • Local holidays have a PHQ Rank of 70 as there is less impact on the area compared to a national holiday.

Local Rank

Public holidays events have no Local Rank available as they impact an entire area instead of a specific point

Aviation Rank

  • A national public holiday will result in a positive impact on Aviation Rank as people are likely to travel across the country or overseas during that time. If the days are close to the weekend, the events may have an Aviation Rank of 100 as there is likely a significant aviation impact.

  • Local public holiday events will have an Aviation Rank of 0 as it’s less likely to cause long-distance travel

For example, Labour Day in Canada (a national holiday) has an Aviation Rank of 100, while Good Friday in Malaysia (a local common holiday) has an Aviation Rank of 0.

PHQ Attendance

Public holidays have no PHQ Attendance available as the rank/impact only reflect its influence on the area, instead of the number of people are celebrating this holiday.


School Holidays


School holiday events represent the general date range in an area where the schools are closed for the term/semester break. E.g. Easter School Holidays in Bavaria, Germany is from March 27th, 2021 to April 11th, 2021.

Note: The School holidays category covers the holiday dates in primary schools and secondary schools. School holidays for higher education institutions are under the Academic Events category.

Labels

All school holidays events have both school and holiday labels. Some events may have an estimated label when there is no date available from the official source but a pattern from the previous years can be used to estimate the holiday dates.

Date & Time

Date & Time Value Availability Notes
Start date Yes The weekend before a school holiday is included if the school holiday starts on a Sunday or Monday
End date Yes The weekend after a school holiday is included if the holiday ends on a Friday or Sunday
Start time No
End time No
Timezone No

Note: Datetime is used with the local timezone.

Location

School holiday is an area event, it scopes to either region or country level, i.e. majority schools in that region commence break in that period. For example, school holidays in United States are scope to the region level which means we have school holidays per state, e.g. Minnesota - Summer School Holidays while school holidays in New Zealand are scope to the country level which means we have one school holiday for the entire country, e.g. Spring School Holidays.

The latitude and longitude is pointing to the center of the region or country.

Geo - Scope Level Countries
Country Azerbaijan, Monaco, Bulgaria, Liechtenstein, Brazil, Latvia, Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sweden, Hungary, Mexico, Ukraine, Vietnam, South Korea, Japan, Croatia, New Zealand, Turkey, Slovakia, Russia, Greece, Lithuania, United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong, Serbia, Armenia, Taiwan, Malta, Republic of Ireland, Iceland, Albania, Finland, Montenegro, Kosovo, Fiji, Belarus, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Slovenia, Thailand, Israel, Poland, Singapore, Cyprus, India, Romania, Switzerland, Andorra, Portugal, Czech, Malaysia, Belgium, Indonesia, Denmark, North Macedonia, Georgia
Region Netherlands, Spain, Luxembourg, Sweden, South, Austria, Australia, United States, Italy, France, Norway, Germany, Canada, China, United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates

Note: Within the United Kingdom, school holidays in England, Northern Ireland and Wales scope to region level, school holidays in Scotland scope to county level.
For example, the 2020 Christmas school holiday in the England region is from December 19th 2020 to January 3rd 2021; whereas the same school holiday in the Scotland region varies in different counties - schools in Falkirk commence the holiday from December 24th 2020 to January 6th 2021, while schools in Moray commence the holiday from December 21st 2020 to January 4th 2021.

Entities

School holidays have no entities available

Ranking

PHQ Rank

All school holidays have a PHQ Rank of 90 to indicate the general impact on the region.

Local Rank

School holidays events have no Local Rank available as they impact an entire area instead of a specific point

Aviation Rank

  • A longer duration school holiday will result in a positive impact on Aviation Rank as the families are likely to travel across the country or overseas during the long break. The events have an Aviation Rank of 100 if they last over 12 days.
  • A shorter duration school holiday will have an Aviation Rank of 0 as it’s less likely to cause aviation travel

For example, the 5 days October School Holidays in Falkirk, UK has an Aviation Rank of 0, while the 49 days Summer School Holidays in North Ayrshire, UK an Aviation Rank of 100.

PHQ Attendance

School holidays have no PHQ Attendance available as the rank/impact only reflect its influence on the area, instead of a number of people are on school holiday during that period.


Observances


An Observance is a day that is recognized nationally or internationally, usually set by a major organization or government to commemorate a public health or ethical cause of importance on a national or international level. E.g. Mother’s Day, New Year’s Eve, World Cancer Day, etc

Labels

Labels for an observance event provide more information about the event. The most common 5 labels are:

  1. observance-season

  2. holiday-religious: When observing a religious holiday that is mostly celebrated in other cultures but not a major trend among the local population. E.g. Eid al-Fitr is celebrated as a religious public holiday in Muslim countries and is observed in other countries.

  3. holiday-christian: When observing a Christian related holiday, e.g. Epiphany.

  4. observance-united-nations:

  5. holiday-hebrew: When observing a Hebrew related holiday, e.g. many countries observe Tu Bishvat.

Date & Time

Date & Time Value Availability Notes
Start date Yes
End date No Same as the start date. An observance event is a single-day event. There are no multi-day events under the observance category. It will break into individual days if it’s celebrated over multiple days, e.g. the Saturday in the Easter weekend is recognized as Holy Saturday, with the following Sunday is Easter Sunday in Canada
Start time No
End time No
Timezone No

Note: Datetime is used with the local timezone E.g. Boston is celebrating Valentine’s Day on February 14th EST, while Los Angeles is also celebrating Valentine’s Day on February 14th but in PST.

Location

An Observance is an area event, it scopes to either region or country level, i.e. the whole country or region is observing this day. The latitude and longitude is pointing to the center of the region or country.

Entities

Observances have event group entities available.

Ranking

PHQ Rank

  • A number of well-known observances have a PHQ Rank of 90 to indicate the popularity/impact on the region. For example, New Years’ Eve, Valentine's Day, Halloween.
  • The majority of observance have a PHQ rank of 50 to reflect the impact is more likely to benefit local businesses.

Local Rank

Observances events have no Local Rank available as they impact an entire area instead of a specific point.

Aviation Rank

Observances events have no Local Rank available as they impact an entire area instead of a specific point.

PHQ Attendance

Observances have no PHQ Attendance available as the rank/impact only reflects its influence on an area, rather than a specific amount of attendees at a specific location.


Politics


Politics events include the main dates of election and referendums around the world.

Note the politics category currently does not cover physically attended events to do with politics such as rallies and debates, which currently are under community category labelled with rallies or debates.

Labels

This category is classified into two buckets with the following labels used to identify the type of events.

  1. Election: The date when the parliament or president election occurs.

  2. Referendum: The referendum date in the country.

Date & Time

Date & Time Value Availability Notes
Start date Yes Politics events have only a start date available.
End date No
Start time No
End time No
Timezone No

Note: Datetime is used with the local timezone.

Location

Politics events scope to a country level. For example Election for the President of the United States of America in the United States. The latitude and longitude is pointing to the center of the covered area. The place scope will identify the full area of coverage.

Entities

Politics events have event group entities available.

Ranking

PHQ Rank

Politics events have PHQ Rank available. It considers the number of registered voters and turnout in a certain area.

Local Rank

Politics events have no Local Rank available as they impact an entire country instead of a specific point.

Aviation Rank

Politics events have no Aviation Rank available as they are unlikely to result in a positive impact on air-travel.

PHQ Attendance

Politics events have no PHQ Attendance available as the rank/impact only reflects the influence in the country, rather than a specific amount of attendees at a specific location.


Daylight Savings


Daylight savings is the schedule date when daylight savings start or ends in an area.

Labels

All daylight savings events are labelled daylight-savings. The only two types of daylight savings events are: daylight savings begins and daylight savings ends

Date & Time

Date & Time Value Availability Notes
Start date Yes Daylight events have only a start date available.
End date No
Start time No
End time No
Timezone No

Note: Datetime is in UTC

Location

Daylight savings is an area event, it scopes to either region or country level, i.e. the whole country or region starts or ends daylight savings on this day. The latitude and longitude is pointing to the center of the region or country.

Entities

Daylight savings events have event group entities available.

Ranking

PHQ Rank

All daylight savings events have a PHQ Rank of 30.

Local Rank

Daylight savings events have no Local Rank available as they impact an entire area.

Aviation Rank

Daylight savings events have no Aviation Rank available.

PHQ Attendance

Daylight savings events have no PHQ Attendance available.